Department of Astronomy

Astronomical studies at Kharkiv University began in 1808 when a laboratory equipped with astronomical instruments was opened. Later the department of astronomy (1824) and the Astronomical Observatory (1883) were founded. Since the foundation many famous scientists worked at the Department of Astronomy and the Astronomical Observatory. Prof. L. O. Struve (1858-1920) was a founder of Kharkiv astrometry and stellar astronomy school. Academician V. G. Fesenkov (1889-1972) started planetary researches at the Observatory. Prof. B. P. Gerasimovich (1889-1937) originated here studies in theoretical astrophysics. Later, in 1930's, he was the Director of Pulkovo Observatory (Russia). Famous astronomer Otto Struve (1897-1963) started his scientific career in Kharkiv University, later he headed a number of American astronomical institutions and was the President of the International Astronomical Union. Academician N. P. Barabashov (1894–1971) began in 1918 his systematic studies of the Moon and planets in Kharkiv.

Astronomers of Karazine Kharkiv National University collaborate with many scientific and educational institutions in Ukraine, Russia, USA, Germany, Italy, France, UK, Finland, Poland, Czech Republic etc.

30 objects in the Solar System (minor planets and craters on the Moon, Mars and Venus) are named in honor of our alumni.

Webpage of the Department of Astronomy and Space Informatics at the website of the Faculty of Physics of V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University: http://www-physics.univer.kharkov.ua/en/chairs/k_a.html

Staff

 .. Yurij G. Shkuratov, chair of the Department and director of Institute of Astronomy, corresponding member of National Academy of Sciences, professor, doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, Ukrainian State Prize Winner and laureate of N.P. Barabashov Prize of National Academy of Sciences, the member of the International Astronomical Union, the member of editorial boards of Kinematics and Physics of Celestial Bodies and Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer. Courses: Optics of the planetary surfaces, Organization of scientific work.
 .. Vladimir A. Zahozhaj, professor, doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, president of Ukrainian Association of Planetaria, the scientific secretary of a board on Astronomy of the department of Physics and Astronomy of National Academy of Sciences, the member of the International and European Astronomical Unions, the member of editorial board of "Bulletin of Astronomical School". Courses: General astrophysics, Star and galactic astronomy, Introduction to astrophysics and cosmogony.
 .. Elena Yu. Bannikova, assistant professor, candidate of physical and mathematical sciences, associated researcher of Institute of Radio Astronomy of National Academy of Sciences. The winner of the regional competition "The Best Young Scientist of Kharkiv region - 2006", scholarship of the President of Ukraine, PI of the grant of National Academy of Sciences for young scientists "Interaction of the supernowas remains with molecular clouds" (2009 - 2010). Member of the European Astronomical Union. Courses: Celestial mechanics, Introduction to cosmology.
 .. Petr N. Fedorov, assistant professor, doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, laureate of E.P. Fedorov Prize of National Academy of Sciences, awarded by diplomas of the Ministry of  Education and Science of Ukraine, the member of the International Astronomical Union. Courses: Astrometry, Astrometric practice.
 .. Vasilij G. Shevchenko, assistant professor, candidate of physical and mathematical sciences, the member of the International and European Astronomical Unions, awarded by diplomas of regional administration. Courses: Practical astrophysics, Computer technologies in the astronomy, Physics of planets, Astrophysical practice.
 .. Dmitrij G. Stankevich, assistant professor, candidate of physical and mathematical sciences, Ukrainian State Prize Winner, awarded by diplomas of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine. Courses: Theoretical astrophysics, General astronomy, Computer technologies in the astronomy, Computing practice.